A diplomatic necessity more than anything else, the union produced six children, of whom only one, Louissurvived to adulthood. This belief intensified the nobles' resentment. Beginning intheir discontent erupted into a civil war known as the Fronde, which forced the royal family to flee Paris and instilled a lifelong fear of rebellion in the young king.
The disasters of the war were so great that, inFrance came close to losing all the advantages gained over the preceding century. The long conflict plunged a famine-ridden France into massive debt, turning public opinion against the crown.
He viewed French Protestants as potential rebels. Immediately after assuming control of the government, Louis worked tirelessly to centralize and tighten control of France and its overseas colonies.
If order could be consciously pursued through state policies, Louis XIV was nevertheless also the beneficiary of changing attitudes to social and political life in the mid-seventeenth century, and in particular a growing distaste for personal violence.
As a result, the Revolution was opposed by many of the rural people of France and by all the governments of France's neighbors. His formative experiences came during the Fronde —when he was directly awakened to the potential instability lurking in the kingdom as other forces sought to share in the crown's sovereign powers and remove Mazarin from the government and the kingdom.
In the first part of the "personal rule," between andLouis pursued a foreign policy of single-minded vainglory in a determined effort to facilitate further dismemberment of the Spanish Habsburg empire and, afterreduce the United Provinces of the Netherlands to humble submission.
The Third Estate leaders also had no desire in turning back or remaining moderate after their hard efforts to change the politics of the time, and so the plans for a constitutional monarchy did not last long. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
You [he was talking to the secretaries and ministers of state] will assist me with your counsels when I ask for them. Indeed, it is fair to say that some very dramatic changes occurred during his reign not through any increase in state bureaucracy but through changes in regulations and financial arrangements.
On these days the king could also decide to examine the progress of works projects.
Louis took a far stronger interest in the reforms of the army. Engraving of Louis XIV To support the reorganized and enlarged army, the panoply of Versailles, and the growing civil administration, the king needed a good deal of money.
The government developed several academies which specialized in writing, music and architecture. Another effect of the war the overexertion of France which may have led to the Anglo-Saxon world domination that followed. A diplomatic necessity more than anything else, the union produced six children, of whom only one, Louissurvived to adulthood.
It is true that Louis XIV's foreign policies had brought hundreds of thousands of deaths, but this cannot be put down to a callous disregard for the fate of his own or foreign subjects. The treaty of Ryswick ended the war and the Grand Alliance was disbanded.
However, Louis first had to neutralize Nicolas Fouquetthe Superintendent of Financesin order to give Colbert a free hand. In addition, most of the princes refused to deal with Mazarin, who went into exile for a number of years.
The Fronde thus gradually lost steam and ended inwhen Mazarin returned triumphantly from exile. Inthe treasury verged on bankruptcy. But Louis XIV had come to realize full well by that the instability of France was rooted primarily in her political culture. His finance minister, Jean-Baptiste Colbertimplemented reforms that sharply reduced the deficit and fostered the growth of industry, while his war minister, the Marquis de Louvoisexpanded and reorganized the French army.
But Louis was not just a charitable Christian prince. He succeeded his father on May 14, The Treaties of Utrechtand of Rastatt and Badensigned in —14, cost France its hegemony but left its territory intact. The taille was reduced to 42 million in and 35 million in ; finally the revenue from indirect taxation progressed from 26 million to 55 million.
Louis XIV: Louis XIV, king of France (–) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age. He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson.
LOUIS XIV ( – ; ruled – )LOUIS XIV (FRANCE) ( – ; ruled – ), king of degisiktatlar.com as le Dieudonn é, 'the God-given', Louis XIV was the first child of Louis XIII ( – ) and Anne of Austria ( – ), born twenty-three years into their marriage.
THE EARLY YEARS ( – ). Ascending the throne at the age of four, Louis XIV was.
Louis XVI (French pronunciation: ; 23 August – 21 January ), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.
He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months before he was guillotined. More disastrous for Louis XIV was the War of the Spanish Succession (), in which the aging king defended his grandson Philip V’s inheritance of Spain and its empire.
The long conflict plunged a famine-ridden France into massive debt, turning public opinion against the crown. Watch video · His mother was the Hapsburg Spanish queen Anne of Austria, and his father was Louis XIII, king of France. Louis XIV had a brother named Philippe, who was two years younger.
The famous memorialist the Duke of Saint-Simon wrote of Louis XIV: “With an almanach and a watch, one could, from leagues away, say with accuracy what he was doing”. The king’s day was timed to the minute to allow the officers in his service to plan their own work accordingly. From morning to evening his day ran like clockwork, to a schedule that was just as strictly ordered as life.Ruling of louis xiv